Katedra Astronomii i Astrofizyki
Wydział Fizyki, Astronomii i Informatyki Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika

HESS J1741-302: a hidden accelerator in the Galactic plane

H. E. S. S. Collaboration, :, Abramowski A., Aharonian F., Backes M., Balzer A., Becherini Y., Becker Tjus J., Berge D., Bernlöhr K., i 134 współautor(ów), w tym z CA, Katarzyński K., Rudak B.

The H.E.S.S. collaboration has discovered a new very high energy (VHE, E $>$ 0.1 TeV) $\gamma$-ray source, HESS J1741-302, located in the Galactic plane. Despite several attempts to constrain its nature, no plausible counterpart has been found so far at X-ray and MeV/GeV $\gamma$-ray energies, and the source remains unidentified. An analysis of 145-hour of observations of HESS J1741-302 at VHEs has revealed a steady and relatively weak TeV source ($\sim$1$\%$ of the Crab Nebula flux), with a spectral index of $\Gamma$ = 2.3 $\pm$ 0.2${\text{stat}}$ $\pm$ 0.2${\text{sys}}$, extending to energies up to 10 TeV without any clear signature of a cut-off. In a hadronic scenario, such a spectrum implies an object with particle acceleration up to energies of several hundred TeV. Contrary to most H.E.S.S. unidentified sources, the angular size of HESS J1741-302 is compatible with the H.E.S.S. point spread function at VHEs, with an extension constrained to be below 0.068$^{\circ}$ at a 99$\%$ confidence level. The $\gamma$-ray emission detected by H.E.S.S. can be explained both within a hadronic scenario, due to collisions of protons with energies of hundreds of TeV with dense molecular clouds, and in a leptonic scenario, as a relic pulsar wind nebula, possibly powered by the middle-aged (20 kyr) pulsar PSR B1737-30. A binary scenario, related to the compact radio source 1LC 358.266+0.038 found to be spatially coincident with the best fit position of HESS J1741-302, is also envisaged.

Słowa kluczowe
Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena